We are in a time of unprecedented uncertainty and disruption, as the pandemic, in particular, is posing unique challenges for all businesses for how their employees work, how clients behave, how supply chains function, and how to confront the “new metrics of performance.”
Business performance, in today’s terms, transcends profits and losses and incorporates a broader focus on “Corporate Purpose.” This shift from shareholder to stakeholder capitalism was asserted through the Business Roundtable’s 2019 statement on the Purpose of a Corporation affirming “the essential role corporations can play in improving our society when CEOs are truly committed to meeting the needs of all stakeholders.”
Larry Fink, CEO of Blackrock, has reinforced this concept of elevating the expectations of the business sector in advancing society through his annual Letter to CEOs. His 2021 letter reinforced a consistent and targeted narrative spun over the last four years—the ever-growing importance of sustainability and environmental, social, and governance (ESG) principles, and their impact on the business universe.
While the momentum for ESG investing was building pre-pandemic—growing 18x since 1995—the events of the past year have dramatically accelerated investor attention around sustainability reporting and disclosure. As such, the ascendancy of ESG institutional investors, asset owners, and asset managers will continue to increase the scrutiny and oversight on ESG portfolio screenings, proxy voting positions, risk management practices, and the management of external stakeholders in the year ahead.
The pandemic has also exposed the interconnectedness between businesses and the broader world in which they operate. With this realization comes an opportunity for organizations to move beyond the old ways of doing things and reimagine legacy business models, systems, structures, and processes—an advancement echoed by Bryan Sanchez, CEO of Lionstone Investments, in remarks to AFIRE’s group of Rising Leaders in 2019, saying: “Our industry is very change-resistant, and we will get consumed by external changes if we don’t get out of this continuous echo chamber.”
The real estate sector—both due to its size and the inherent ESG risks associated with property development and management—has progressively emerged as an early mover in adopting ESG practices as a strategy to build resilience, maintain financial strength, meet the needs of stakeholders, and develop and retain diverse talent. Sustainability has become not just responsible practice, but a competitive business advantage
AFIRE’s 2020 International Investor survey, for example, found that two out of three investors increased their risk consideration of climate change issues from 2019 to 2020, with nearly nine out of ten investors including ESG criteria for investment decisions and 90% receiving the same or higher returns when accounting for ESG criteria.
The need and desire for embedding ESG positions into mainstream business strategy has become increasingly clear. What is less clear to most CEOs, boards, and institutional investors, however, is how to operationalize these positions by establishing the processes, controls, and procedures to monitor and measure ESG performance and impact.
The need for ESG management and disclosure in the real estate sector, in particular, has become increasingly apparent due to the industry’s evolving priorities for sustainability and business, such as:
Renewed focus on stakeholder engagement:
Demonstrating proactive ESG risk management for post-pandemic recovery planning:
Recognition of the social responsibility and obligations of the real estate industry:
Mounting pressure from governments, investors, regulators, consumers, media, and other stakeholders has driven the business sector to confront the global threat of climate change more aggressively. Coupled with the comparative ease of measuring “E” activities, this makes environmental action a logical entry point for corporate ESG management—with metrics that are quantitative by design and have clear, direct connections to addressing climate concerns, creating operational efficiencies, and yielding measurable bottom-line improvements.
However, it is the advancement of “S” and “G” factors that will most directly affect business continuity and resilience in our current global business environment, as these are the issues impacting economic disruption, social unrest, and, ultimately, business performance. Inefficient corporate structures, deficient risk management strategies, and inflexible mindsets all contribute to the severe economic crisis we face.
However, there remains a vast disconnect between the long-term value and economic impact that sustainability offers, and the near-term financial, operational, and cultural investments required to adopt and operationalize sustainable business practices.
Integrating ESG into an organization’s DNA requires strong oversight and clear goal setting.
For example, in 1999, AccountAbility developed a set of guiding principles—Inclusivity, Materiality, Responsiveness, Impact— with which organizations can effectively shape their sustainability strategy and successfully manage their ESG performance. These guiding principles are now an internationally accepted framework that guides organizations through the process of identifying, prioritizing, and responding to sustainability challenges, with the goal of improving long-term performance.
Once an ESG goal based on these principles has been determined, businesses should consider adopting an “Impact Management Process” that helps to ensure a goal’s successful implementation and integration into overall ESG strategy:
It is clear that 2021 will be the year of “less discussion and more action” as ESG topics that have long been in the consciousness of CEOs and boards will be brought front-and-center due to calls for corporate accountability from investors, consumers, governments, regulators, media, and other key stakeholder groups.
In conclusion, despite the disruptive effect of the pandemic, it simultaneously provides opportunities for shaping and developing a future—hopefully, an operating environment where people have a say in the decisions that impact them, where companies act on and are transparent about the issues that matter, and where organizations monitor, measure, and are held accountable for how their actions affect their broader ecosystems.